- In 2002 The Israel Medical Association Journal published an in vitro study which showed that black elderberry was effective in activating anti-inflammatory immune responses much more than formulas containing propolis and echinacea.
- In 2015 The British Journal of Nutrition published an animal study which showed that black elderberry extract was able to reduce insulin resistance and inflammation and reduce triglycerides in mice fed high-fat diets.
Protects against Atherosclerosis and Improves cholesterol levels
- In 2015 Food & Function published an animal study which showed that 6 weeks of black elderberry extract supplementation improved HDL cholesterol and reduced total total cholesterol content in the aorta of mice – both of which protect against atherosclerosis.
Reduces cold duration
- In 2016 Nutrients published a double-blind study involving 312 economy class passengers which showed that black elderberry reduced cold duration by 51 percent and cold severity by 58 percent in air travelers when compared to a placebo.
- In 2011 BMC Complementary & Alternative Medicine published an in vitro study which showed that black elderberry extract possesses antimicrobial activity against both various types of bacteria as well as the influenza virus.
- In 2012 BioScience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry published an animal study which showed that black elderberry extract stimulated the immune system of mice and suppressed the replication of human influenza virus A.
Reduces flu duration
- In 2004 The Journal of International Medical Research published a double-blind study in which 60 patients with flu-like symptoms received either a 15 mL or elderberry syrup or 15 mL or a placebo syrup 4 times per day for 5 days. The elderberry group saw symptom relief 4 days earlier and required less medication than the placebo group.